Today is Pentecost Sunday. This is a holy day for Christians everywhere as Pentecost is celebrated as the birthday of the church. Today, I’m sharing a quick lesson on Pentecost.
Shavuot (pronounced sha-voo-OHT), which Christians know better from the Greek, Pentecost, is one of three pilgrimage festivals in which Jewish men during biblical times were obligated to go to the Temple in Jerusalem. Initially, Shavuot was a harvest festival, commemorating the ancient obligation to bring the harvest’s “first fruits” to the Temple in Jerusalem as an offering to God. With the destruction of the Temples, it evolved into an event of monumental significance to both Jews and Christians. –-Source: International Fellowship of Christians and Jews
Coming of the Holy Spirit
The Book of Acts 2:1-41 recounts the Day of Pentecost when the Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles and other followers of Jesus Christ.
When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. –Acts 2:1-4 NKJ
A multitude had come to Jerusalem to bring the first-fruits of their wheat harvest in thanksgiving to God. It was during this harvest festival that the Holy Spirit descended upon the followers of Jesus Christ as stated in Acts 2:2-4 which says, “And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting.Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.”
From this moment, early followers of Christ were empowered by the Holy Spirit to relay the Good News about Jesus everywhere. Hence, Pentecost is celebrated as the birth of the church.
Quick Facts About Pentecost
Pentecost comes from a Jewish harvest festival called Shavuot.
Pentecost Sunday occurs 50 days after Easter.
Pentecost fulfills Jesus’ promise to send the Helper and Spirit of truth (See John 16:5-16).
I love studying the Book of Acts. It’s one of my favorite books in the Bible. It reads like a Sci-Fi movie, honestly. If you haven’t spent much time here, I encourage you to do so. Today, Pentecost Sunday, is the perfect day to start. You’ll learn about the First Century Church and how the Holy Spirit empowered early followers of Jesus Christ to spread the gospel.
If this lesson has been helpful to you, please let me know by posting a comment below. I’d love to hear from you!